Patent

Z. Li and M. Molodova,

“Method and Instrumentation for Detection of Rail Defects,

in Particular Rail Top Defects,”

European Patent, WO2011019273  (A1) ― 2011-02-17.

Abstract

A method and instrumentation for detection of rail defects, in particular rail top defects, in a railway-track by measuring an axle box acceleration signal of a rail vehicle, wherein a longitudinal axle box acceleration signal is used as a measure to detect the occurrence of said rail defects, in particular rail top defects. The method also includes measuring a vertical axle box acceleration signal of said rail vehicle, whereby the longitudinal axle box acceleration signal is used in combination and simultaneously with said vertical axle box acceleration signal. It is further preferred that the longitudinal axle box acceleration signal is used to remove from said vertical axle box acceleration signal a signal-part that relates to vibrations of the rail vehicle's wheelset, including the bearing and axle box (3), and that the axle box acceleration signals are filtered for removing signal-parts contributed by vibrations of the track, including the rail (1), rail pads, fasteners, sleepers, and ballast.